Along the Blackstone River – Worcester to River Bend Farm
The Blackstone River project continues though I have no idea where it will lead. Researching an idea and then getting out in the field is definitely an exciting experience. The more I find out about the River then more intriguing it becomes. It makes up in Worcester, the industrial heartland that it helped to create. This view of Beaver Brook is less than half a mile from my home.
The white object in the upper left is a mattress. Fairly random I know. Beaver Brook joins forces with Middle River about two miles away, to give genesis to the Blackstone itself. As you can see, there isn’t terribly much left that is natural about Beaver Brook. Where we’re standing is where the Brook comes out from below ground. It is tunneled in for around a mile, reappears in Beaver Brook Park off Chandler Street in Worcester and then disappears again. It would seem that civilization has trumped nature, in this case. That is the story here I think, the tension and synergy between nature and civilization writ large.
As I said in the previous post, the Blackstone is one of the most polluted Rivers in the U.S., which is saying something. It was indeed the home of the industrial revolution and it’s 400 plus foot drop from Worcester, Massachusetts to Pawtucket, Rhode Island meant water power. At Pawtucket, a Mr. Slater founded the first Cotton Mill in the United States, the very first one. The impact of that bit of industrialization on the entire country cannot be over-stated. More on that to come.
Nature has reasserted herself though along the way. Just a bit of research pointed us toward River Bend Farm in Uxbridge, Massachusetts, less than twenty-miles away. River Bend is actually a state park, managed by the Massachusetts Division of Conservation and Recreation, though it is affiliated with the Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor which is under the management of the National Park Service. It is perhaps ten to fifteen miles long. It runs along a stretch of the Blackstone River and the Blackstone Canal itself, parts of which at this location are still clearly visible. This is an image of the Canal from new the Visitor Center there.
The Canal Barges were propelled, or rather pulled along, by horses that trod along the tow path you can see to the right. In places, the Canal and River intermingle, as seems to be the case here at the Arch Bridge approximately half mile north.
But what about that 400 foot drop from Worcester to Providence? The Canal required a series of locks to make the journey possible. Here is the Goat Hill Lock, one of the few remaining that is still largely visible.
A barge would enter the lock and a door shut behind it. There was also a door shut in front. Water would be pumped out or in to the lock depending upon the direction the barge was heading. The water level would reach that of the next leg of the journey and the door in front would open, allowing the barge to carry on. This lock is ten feet wide. That is not the pathway for flowing water, that is the entire lock, meaning that the barges were all less than ten feet wide. All that, and it was still cheaper than sending goods over land, evidently considerably cheaper. The barge then moved ahead into an area of the Canal or River such as this.
Obviously, no passing in the lock. However, on the good side, very little need for a GPS. More to come.